Evolución y tendencias de la investigación en comunicación sobre epidemias y pandemias en el ámbito internacional

Autores/as

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.26441/RC20.1-2021-A10

Palabras clave:

investigación en comunicación, epidemias, pandemias, comunicación del riesgo, comunicación en salud, producción científica, Scopus

Resumen

La investigación sobre comunicación en tiempos de epidemias y pandemias constituye un factor trascendental en la prevención, tratamiento y recuperación. El estudio que se presenta analiza el comportamiento de la investigación en comunicación sobre epidemias y pandemias a través de la producción científica registrada en la base de datos Scopus. Se emplean indicadores para evaluar las tendencias generales de publicación a nivel de país, instituciones, autores, revistas y artículos. Se examinan los temas preponderantes y su evolución temporal, así como, la evolución en los grupos y frentes de investigación asociados. Los resultados muestran una tendencia al crecimiento de publicaciones con una mayor concentración en el 2020. El número de publicaciones por países, instituciones, autores y revistas es discreto, por lo que, es un área de conocimientos que requiere mayor investigación científica y colaboración internacional. Se identificaron 5 grandes grupos temáticos, principales focos emergentes de investigación, relacionados con la comunicación de salud durante epidemias, las actitudes sociales hacia la salud, la comunicación durante la influenza A H1N1 y la pandemia COVID-19 y la información epidemiológica en redes sociales. Los puntos críticos de investigación en el campo durante los 30 años registrados en la base de datos Scopus permiten inferir, que la comunicación sobre epidemias y pandemias debe convertirse en foco de la investigación en el área de comunicación de riesgos en un futuro próximo.

Biografía del autor/a

Roelvis Ortiz Núñez, Instituto de Información Científica y Tecnológica, Havana

Doctorando en Ciencias de la Información, Máster en Desarrollo Local y Licenciado en Ciencias de la Información (Cuba). Docente e investigador del Instituto de Información Científica y Tecnológica, La Habana, Cuba. Especialista Principal del Observatorio Científico, Tecnológico y de Innovación

Yudayly Stable Rodríguez, Instituto de Información Científica y Tecnológica, Habana

Doctora en Ciencias por el Instituto Superior de Tecnologías y Ciencias Aplicadas de la Universidad de la Habana y Máster en Gestión Universidad. Es investigadora Titular en el Instituto de Información Científica y Tecnológica y profesora Auxiliar en la Universidad de la Habana

Citas

Alaszewski, A., & Brown, P. (2007). Risk, uncertainty and knowledge. Health, Risk & Society, 9(1), 1-10. https://doi.org/10.1080/13698570601183033

Alfredo Duro, E., Angélica Sotomayor, M., Czubaj, F., Cardozo de Martínez, C.A., Cristina Gubert , I., López Dávila, L.M., Adrián Torres, F., Benites Estupiñan, E.M., Vergès de López, C., Cudeiro, P., Rueda Castro, L. & Sorokin, P. (2018). El impacto social de la comunicación en las epidemias: perspectivas bioéticas y de salud pública. Revista Iberoamericana de Bioética, 7, 1-16. https://doi.org/10.14422/rib.i07.y2018.007

Allahverdipour, H. (2020). Global Challenge of Health Communication: Infodemia in the Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) Pandemic. Journal of Education and Community Health, 7(2), 65-67. https://doi.org/10.29252/jech.7.2.65

Andreu-Sánchez, C. y Martín-Pascual, M. A. (2020). Fake images of the SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus in the communication of information at the beginning of the first Covid-19 pandemic. El profesional de la información, 29(3), e290309. https://doi.org/10.3145/epi.2020.may.09

Aria, M., & Cuccurullo, C. (2017). Bibliometrix: An R-tool for comprehensive science mapping analysis. Journal of Informetrics, 11(4):959-975. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.joi.2017.08.007

Aria, M., Misuraca, M., & Spano, M. (2020). Mapping the evolution of social research and data science on 30 years of Social Indicators Research. Social Indicators Research, 1-29. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11205-020-02281-3.

Arroyave-Cabrera, J., Repiso-Caballero, R., & González-Pardo, R. (2020). La investigación en Comunicación en Colombia vista desde Web of Science. Revista de Comunicación, 19(2), 29-45. https://doi.org/10.26441/RC19.2-2020-A2

Ataguba, O. A. y Ataguba, J. E. (2020). Social determinants of health: the role of effective communication in the COVID-19 pandemic in developing countries. Global Health Action, 13(1):1788263. doi: 10.1080/16549716.2020.1788263.

Baas, J., Schotten, M., Plume, A., Côté, G., & Karimi, R. (2020). Scopus as a curated, high-quality bibliometric data source for academic research in quantitative science studies. Quantitative Science Studies, 1(1), 377–386. https://doi.org/10.1162/qss_a_00019

Baladrón-Pazos, A.J., Manchado-Pérez, B., & Correyero-Ruiz, B. (2017). Estudio bibliométrico sobre la investigación en publicidad en España: temáticas, investigadores, redes y centros de producción (1980-2015). Revista Española de Documentación Científica, 40 (2): e170. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.3989/redc.2017.2.1411

Bedford, J., Farrar, J., Ihekweazu, C., Kang, G., Koopmans, M., & Nkengasong, J. (2019). A new twenty-first century science for effective epidemic response. Nature 575, 130–136. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41586-019-1717-y

Bellón Saameño, J. A., & Martínez Cañabate, T. (2001). La investigación en comunicación y salud. Una perspectiva nacional e internacional desde el análisis bibliométrico [Research into communication and health. A Spanish and international perspective through bibliometric analysis]. Atencion primaria, 27(7), 452–458. https://doi.org/10.1016/s0212-6567(01)78835-x

Böl, G. F. (2016). Risk communication in times of crisis: Pitfalls and challenges in ensuring preparedness instead of hysterics. EMBO reports, 17(1), 1–9. https://doi.org/10.15252/embr.201541678

Brennan, B., & Gutiérrez, V. (2011). Guía para elaborar la estrategia de comunicación de riesgos. Washington, D.C.: OPS. http://www.paho.org/hq/index.php?option=com_docman&task=doc_view&gid=14526&Itemid=270&lang=en

Budhwar, P., & Cumming, D. (2020). New Directions in Management Research and Communication: Lessons from the COVID‐19 Pandemic. British Journal of Management, 31(3):441-443. https://doi.org/10.1111/1467-8551.12426

Burton-Jeangros, C. (2019). Epidemics and risk communication: Why are lessons not learned? Managing the global health response to epidemics. New York: Routledge.

Castillo, A., & Carretón, M.C. (2010). Investigación en Comunicación. Estudio bibliométrico de las Revistas de Comunicación en España. Comunicación y Sociedad, 23(2), 289-327.

Castillo, A., Peña, V., & Mañas, S. (2014). Revista de Comunicación en España. Una aproximación histórica. Historia y Comunicación Social, 19, 621-630. https://doi.org/10.5209/rev_HICS.2014.v19.45053

Covello, V. T., Peters, R., Wojtecki, J., & Hyde, R. (2001). Risk communication, the West Nile virus epidemic, and bioterrorism: responding to the commnication challenges posed by the intentional or unintentional release of a pathogen in an urban setting. Journal of Urban Health, 78(2), 382-91. https://doi.org/10.1093/jurban/78.2.382

Covello, V. T., & Sandman, P. M. (2001). Risk communication: evolution and revolution. In A. Wolbarst (Ed.), Solutions to an environment in peril (pp.164-178). Baltimore: John Hopkins University Press.

Cummings, L. (2009). Emerging Infectious Diseases: Coping with Uncertainty. Argumentation, 23, 171–188. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10503-008-9116-9

Derviş, H. (2019). Bibliometric Analysis using Bibliometrix an R Package. Journal of Scientometric Research, 8(3), 156-160. https://doi.org/10.5530/jscires.8.3.32.

De Vries, M. S. (2016). Framing crises: response patterns to explosions in fireworks factories. Administration & Society, 36(5), 594–614. https://doi.or/10.1177/0095399704268622

Fraustino, J. D., Liu, B. F., & Jin, Y. (2017). Social media during disasters: A research synthesis and road map. In L. Austin & Y. Jin, (Ed.), Social media and crisis communication (pp.283-295) New York, NY: Routledge.

Freimuth, V., Linnan, H. W., & Potter, P. (2000). Communicating the threat of emerging infections to the public. Emerging infectious diseases, 6(4), 337–347. https://doi.org/10.3201/eid0604.000403

Frewer, L. J., Hunt, S., Brennan, M., Kuznesof, S., Ness, M., & Ritson, C. (2003) The views of scientific experts on how the public conceptualize uncertainty. Journal of Risk Research, 6(1), 75-85. https://doi.org/10.1080/1366987032000047815

Frewer, L. J., Miles, S., Brennan, M., Kuznesof, S., Ness, M., & Ritson, C. (2002). Public preferences for informed choice under conditions of risk uncertainty. Public Understanding of Science, 11(4), 363–372. https://doi.org/10.1088/0963-6625/11/4/304

Glik, D. C. (2007). Risk communication for public health emergencies. Annual review of public health, 28, 33–54. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.publhealth.28.021406.144123

Goerlandt, F.; Li, J.; & Reniers, G. (2020). The Landscape of Risk Communication Research: A Scientometric Analysis. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 17, 3255. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17093255

Gómez Castro, L. (2017). La comunicación de riesgo en salud: aspectos teóricos y metodológicos para el control de emergencias públicas sanitarias. MEDISAN, 21(12), 3386-3399. http://scielo.sld.cu/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1029-30192017001200013&lng=es&tlng=es.

González, M. A. (2019). Fake News: desinformación en la era de la sociedad de la información. Ámbitos. Revista Internacional de Comunicación, 45, 29-52. https://doi.org/10.12795/Ambitos.2019.i45.03

Gui, X., Wang, Y., Kou, Y., Reynolds, T. L., Chen, Y., Mei, Q., & Zheng, K. (2018). Understanding the Patterns of Health Information Dissemination on Social Media during the Zika Outbreak. Annual Symposium proceedings. AMIA Symposium, 820–829.

Guttman, N. (2000). Public Health Communication Interventions: Values and Ethical Dilemmas. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.

Health Protection Network. (2008). Communicating with the public about health risks. Glasgow: Health Protection Scotland.

Holmes, B.J. (2008). Communicating aboutemerging infectious disease: the impor-tance of research. Health, Risk & Society, 10, 349–360. https://doi.org/10.1080/13698570802166431

Horlick-Jonesa, T., & Sime, J. (2004). Living on the border: knowledge, risk and transdisciplinarity. Futures, 36(4), 441-456. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.futures.2003.10.006

Househ, M. (2016). Communicating Ebola through social media and electronic news media outlets: A cross-sectional study. Health informatics journal, 22(3), 470–478. https://doi.org/10.1177/1460458214568037

Hugh Feeley, T. (2008). A Bibliometric Analysis of Communication Journals from 2002 to 2005. Human Communication Research, 34(3), 505-520. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-2958.2008.00330.x

Jin, Y., Liu, B. F., & Austin, L. L. (2014). Examining the Role of Social Media in Effective Crisis Management: The Effects of Crisis Origin, Information Form, and Source on Publics’ Crisis Responses. Communication Research, 41(1), 74–94. https://doi.org/10.1177/0093650211423918

Johnson, B. (1999). Ethical issues in risk communication: Continuing the discussion. Risk analysis, 19, 335–348. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1539-6924.1999.tb00411.x

Jones, S., Waters, L., Holland, O., Bevins, J., & Iverson, D. (2010). Developing pandemic communication strategies: preparation without panic. Journal of Business Research, 63(2), 126-132. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jbusres.2009.02.009

Kotalik, J. (2005). Preparing for an influenza pandemic: ethical issues. Bioethics, 19(4), 422–431. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-8519.2005.00453.x

Laajalahti, Hyvärinen & Vos. (2016). Crisis communication competence in co-producing safety with citizen groups. Social sciences, 5(1), 13. https://doi.org/10.3390/socsci5010013

Lin, L., McCloud, R. F., Bigman, C. A., & Viswanath, K. (2016). Tuning in and catching on? Examination of the relationship between pandemic communication and awareness and knowledge of MERS in the USA. Journal of Public Health, 39(2), 282–289. https://doi.org/10.1093/pubmed/fdw028.

Liwei, Z., Li, H. & Chen, K. (2020). Effective Risk Communication for Public Health Emergency: Reflection on the COVID-19 (2019-nCoV) Outbreak in Wuhan, China. Healthcare, 8(64). https:doi.org/10.3390/healthcare8010064

Lofstedt, R. (2003). Risk communication: pitfalls and promises. European review, 11(3), 417–435. https://doi.org/10.1017/S106279870300036X

Lofstedt, R. (2005). Risk Management in Post-Trust Societies. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.

Lundgren, R., & McMakin, A. (2004). Risk Communication: A Handbook for Communicating Environmental, Safety, and Health Risks. Columbus, OH: Battelle Press.

Macias, W., Hilyard, K., & Freimuth, V. (2009). Blog functions as risk and crisis communication during hurricane Katrina. Journal of computer-mediated communication, 15(1), 1-31. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1083-6101.2009.01490.x

Marí-Sáez, V., & Ceballos-Castro, G. (2015). Análisis bibliométrico sobre “Comunicación, Desarrollo y Cambio Social” en las diez primeras revistas de Comunicación de España. Cuadernos.Info, (37), 201-212. https://doi.org/10.7764/cdi.37.828

Mheidly, N., & Fares, J. (2020). Health communication research in the Arab world: A bibliometric analysis. Integrated Healthcare Journal, 2, e000011. https://doi.org/10.1136/ihj-2019-000011

Mongeon, P., & Paul-Hus, A. (2016). The journal coverage of Web of Science and Scopus: a comparative analysis. Scientometrics, 106(1), 213-228. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11192-015-1765-5

Montero-Díaz, J., Cobo, M., Gutiérrez-Salcedo, M., Segado-Boj, F., & Herrera-Viedma, E. (2018). A science mapping analysis of ‘Communication’ WoS subject category (1980-2013). Comunicar, 55, 81-91. https://doi.org/10.3916/C55-2018-08

Moreno, Á., Fuentes-Lara, C., & Navarro, C. (2020). Covid-19 communication management in Spain: Exploring the effect of information-seeking behavior and message reception in public’s evaluation. El profesional de la información, 29(4), e290402. https://doi.org/10.3145/epi.2020.jul.02

Moscadelli, A., Albora, G., Biamonte, M. A., Giorgetti, D., Innocenzio, M., Paoli, S., Lorini, C., Bonanni, P., & Bonaccorsi, G. (2020). Fake News and Covid-19 in Italy: Results of a Quantitative Observational Study. International journal of environmental research and public health, 17(16), 5850. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17165850

National Research Council (US). (1989). Committee on Risk Perception and Communication. Improving Risk Comunication. Washington, D.C.: National Academies Press (US).

Oh, S. H., Paek, H. J., & Hove, T. (2015). Cognitive and emotional dimensions of perceived risk characteristics, genre-specific media effects, and risk perceptions: The case of H1N1 influenza in South Korea. Asian Journal of Communication, 25, 14–32. https://doi.org/10.1080/01292986.2014.989240

Ophir, Y. (2018). Coverage of Epidemics in American Newspapers Through the Lens of the Crisis and Emergency Risk Communication Framework. Health security, 16(3), 147–157. https://doi.org/10.1089/hs.2017.0106

Oppong, J. R. (2009). Globalization of communicable diseases. In R. Kitchin & N. Thrift (Ed.), International encyclopedia of human geography (pp.209-213). Oxford: Elsevier.

Organización Mundial de la Salud. (2005). Normas de Comunicación de brotes epidémicos de la OMS. Ginebra: OMS. http://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/10665/69370/1/WHO_CDS_2005_28_spa.pdf?ua=1

Organización Mundial de la Salud. (2009). Preparación y respuesta ante una pandemia de influenza. Programa Mundial de la Salud. Ginebra: OMS. http://www.who.int/csr/swine_flu/Preparacion_Pand_ESP.pdf

Orso, D., Federici, N., Copetti, R., Vetrugno, L., & Bove, T. (2020). Infodemic and the spread of fake news in the COVID-19-era. European Journal of Emergency Medicine, 27(5), 327-328. https://doi.org/10.1097/MEJ.0000000000000713

Otway, H., & Wynne, B. (1989). Risk Communication: Paradigm and Paradox. Risk Analysis, John Wiley & Sons, 9(2), 141-145. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1539-6924.1989.tb01232.x

Parks, W., & Lloyd, L. (2004). Planificación de la movilización y comunicación social para la prevención y el control del dengue. Guía paso a paso. OMS/WMC/OPS/TDR. Ginebra: OMS-OPS. https://www.who.int/tdr/publications/documents/planificacion_dengue.pdf

Parmer, J., Baur, C., Eroglu, D., Lubell, K., Prue, C., Reynolds, B., & Weaver, J. (2016). Crisis and emergency risk messaging in mass media news stories: Is the public getting the information they need to protect their health? Health Communication, 31(10), 1215–1222. https://doi.org/10.1080/10410236.2015.1049728

Paulik, L. B., Keenan, R. E., & Durda, J. L. (2020). The Case for Effective Risk Communication: Lessons from a Global Pandemic. Integrated Environmental Assessment and Management, 16(5), 552-554. https://doi.org/10.1002/ieam.4312.

Perianes-Rodriguez, A., Waltman, L., & Van Eck, N. J. (2016). Constructing bibliometric networks: A comparison between full and fractional counting. Journal of Informetrics, 10(4), 1178-1195. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.joi.2016.10.006

Pidgeon, N., Kasperson, R., & Slovic, P. (Eds.). (2003). The Social Amplification of Risk. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511550461

Procopio, C. H., & Procopio, S. T. (2007). Do you know what it means to miss New Orleans? Internet communication, geographic community, and social capital in crisis. Journal of applied communication research, 35(1), 67-87. https://doi.org/10.1080/00909880601065722

Reuter, C., & Kaufhold, M. A. (2018). Fifteen years of social media in emergencies: a retrospective review and future directions for crisis informatics. Journal of contingencies and crisis management, 26(1), 41-57. https://doi.org/10.1111/1468-5973.12196

Reynolds, B., & Seeger, M. W. (2005). Crisis and emergency risk communication as an integrative model. Journal of Health Communication, 10(1), 43–55. https://doi.org/10.1080/10810730590904571

Roche, J., & Muskavitch, M. (2003). Limited precision in print media communication of West Nile virus risks. Science Communication, 24(3), 353-365. https://doi.org/10.1177/1075547002250300

Rogers, E.M. (1994). A history of communication study: A biographical approach. Free Press.

Saliou, P. (1994). Crisis communication in the event of a flu pandemic. European journal of epidemiology, 10, 515–517. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01719693.

Sandell, T., Sebar, B., & Harris, N. (2013). Framing risk: communication messages in the Australian and Swedish print media surrounding the 2009 H1N1 pandemic. Scandinavian journal of public health, 41(8), 860–865. https://doi.org/10.1177/1403494813498158

Segado-Boj, F. (2020). Research on social media and journalism (2003-2017): a bibliometric and content review. Transinformação, 32, e180096. https://doi.org/10.1590/1678-9865202032e180096

Smith, R. D. (2006). Responding to global infectious disease outbreaks: lessons from SARS on the role of risk perception, communication and management. Social science & medicine (1982), 63(12), 3113–3123. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.socscimed.2006.08.004

Soós, S., & Kiss, A. (2020). Informetrics and the study of science–society communications: a bibliometric scoping review. Scientometrics, 124, 825–842. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11192-020-03444-2

Strekalova, Y. A. (2017). Health Risk Information Engagement and Amplification on Social Media. Health education & behavior : the official publication of the Society for Public Health Education, 44(2), 332–339. https://doi.org/10.1177/1090198116660310

Tai, Z., & Sun, T. (2007). Media dependencies in a changing media environment: The case of the 2003 SARS epidemic in China. New media & society, 9(6), 987-1009. https://doi.org/10.1177/1461444807082691

Thirlaway, K., & Heggs, D. A. (2005). Interpreting risk messages: Women's responses to a health story. Health Risk & Society, 7 (2), 107-121. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13698570500108677

Thompson, B., Mazer, J. P., Payne, H. J., Jerome, A. M., Kirby, E. G., & Pfohl, W. (2017). Social media and active shooter events: A school crisis communication challenge. Qualitative research reports in communication, 18(1), 8-17. https://doi.org/10.1080/17459435.2016.1247111

Toppenberg-Pejcic, D., Noyes, J., Allen, T., Alexander, N., Vanderford, M., & Gamhewage, G. (2019). Emergency risk communication: Lessons learned from a rapid review of recent gray literature on Ebola, Zika, and yellow fever. Health Communication, 34(4), 437–455. https://doi.org/10.1080/10410236.2017.1405488

Ulmer, R. R., Seeger, M., & Sellnow, T. L. (2007). Post-Crisis Communication and Renewal: Expanding the Parameters of Post-Crisis Discourse. Public Relations Review, 33(2), 130-134. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pubrev.2006.11.015

Urbina-Medina, H., Noguera Brizuela, D., Levy Mizhary, J., Carrizo, J., & Betancourt, A. (2016). Comunicación efectiva y ética en casos de epidemias y pandemias. Archivos Venezolanos de Puericultura y Pediatría, 79(4), 113-117.

Vaughan, E., & Tinker, T. (2009). Effective Health Risk Communication about Pandemic Influenza for Vulnerable Populations. American Journal of Public Health, 99(S2), S324-S332. https://doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.2009.162537

Veil, S., Reynolds, B., Sellnow, T. L., & Seeger, M. W. (2008). CERC as a theoretical framework for research and practice. Health promotion practice, 9(4 Suppl), 26S–34S. https://doi.org/10.1177/1524839908322113

Wilder-Smith, A., Chiew, C. J., & Lee, V. J. (2020). Can we contain the COVID-19 outbreak with the same measures as for SARS?. The Lancet. Infectious diseases, 20(5), e102–e107. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1473-3099(20)30129-8

Wurz, A., Nurn, U., & Ekdahl, K. (2013). Enhancing the role of health communication in the prevention of infectious diseases. Journal of Health Communication, 18(2), 1566–1571. https://doi.org/10.1080/10810730.2013.840698

Xiao, Y., Tang, S., & Wu, J. (2015). Media impact switching surface during an infectious disease outbreak. Scientific reports, 5, 7838. https://doi.org/10.1038/srep07838

Xie, L., Chen, Z., Wang, H., Zheng, C., & Jiang, J. (2020). Bibliometric and Visualized Analysis of Scientific Publications on Atlantoaxial Spine Surgery Based on Web of Science and VOSviewer. World neurosurgery, 137, 435–442.e4. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2020.01.171

Zeta de Pozo, R. (2020). Editorial. Revista de Comunicación, 19(2), 5-6. https://doi.org/10.26441/RC19.2-2020-E1

Publicado

08-03-2021

Cómo citar

Ortiz Núñez, R., & Stable Rodríguez, Y. (2021). Evolución y tendencias de la investigación en comunicación sobre epidemias y pandemias en el ámbito internacional. Revista De Comunicación, 20(1), 175–196. https://doi.org/10.26441/RC20.1-2021-A10

Número

Sección

Artículos