Rutas alternativas a las noticias: desconfianza en medios, homofilia percibida e interés en temas

Autores/as

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.26441/RC20.2-2021-A19

Palabras clave:

usuarios, noticias duras, noticias blandas, desconfianza mediática, homofilia percibida de la red

Resumen

Este estudio se centra en tres actitudes alternativas al consumo tradicional de noticias definidas previamente en las noticias: “Las noticias me encuentran”, “La información está ahí fuera” y “No sé Qué Creer”. Analiza el papel de la desconfianza de los usuarios respecto a los medios y la homofilia percibida de los contactos en sus redes sociales como predictores de cada una de estas actitudes. Por último, compara la influencia recíproca de las mencionadas actitudes entre sí. Los datos se extrajeron de una encuesta (n = 279) entre usuarios españoles de Facebook y se analizaron mediante pruebas de regresión lineal múltiple. Los resultados muestran que la desconfianza en los medios predijo positivamente “La información está ahí fuera” pero no resultó relevante en los casos de “Las noticias me encuentran” ni “No sé qué creer”. “Las Noticias Me Encuentran” predijo negativamente el interés en las noticias duras (política nacional, internacional y economía) y “La información está ahí fuera” predijo el interés en noticas de estilo de vida y sobre famosos. La homofilia percibida de la red no predijo ninguna de las actitudes observadas. Se detectó una influencia recíproca entre “La Información Está Ahí Fuera” y “Las noticias me encuentran”  pero no respecto a “No sé qué creer”. Concluimos que “La Información Está Ahí Fuera” puede causar los mismos efectos negativos en la participación y conocimiento sobre política que “Las noticias me encuentran” en tanto que deriva a los usuarios de noticias duras hacia temas más blandos.

Biografía del autor/a

Francisco Segado-Boj, Universidad Complutense de Madrid

PhD on Journalism granted by Complutense University of Madrid (Spain). He is currently an assistant professor at the Journalism and Global Communication Department in Universidad Complutense de Madrid. His research focuses on digital journalism, social media and scholarly communication.

Elias Said-Hung, Universidad Internacional de La Rioja

Ph.D. in Communication Sciences by Complutense University of Madrid (Spain). He is currently tenured lecturer at the Faculty of Education, member of the PROCOMM research group and Director of the University Master's Degree in Inclusive and Intercultural Education at the Universidad Internacional de La Rioja.

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Publicado

14-09-2021

Cómo citar

Segado-Boj, F., & Said-Hung, E. (2021). Rutas alternativas a las noticias: desconfianza en medios, homofilia percibida e interés en temas. Revista De Comunicación, 20(2), 355–373. https://doi.org/10.26441/RC20.2-2021-A19

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